The hottest shale gas feast is coming, and the thi

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Recently, the Ministry of land and resources held a press conference, saying that preparations for the third round of competitive transfer of shale gas exploration rights are under way, and a competitive transfer scheme has been preliminarily formed and a competitive transfer block has been selected

after the first two rounds of bidding, private enterprises have entered a relatively calm stage from their initial enthusiasm for shale gas development, and the third round of shale gas bidding is likely to be cold

the bidding threshold will be lowered again

recently, the National Energy Administration lowered China's shale gas production in 2020, from 60-100 billion cubic meters to 30 billion cubic meters, and the planned target output will be reduced by half

in fact, since the end of the second round of domestic shale gas bidding in 2012, the start of the new round of bidding has attracted the attention of the industry. Compared with the previous two rounds of bidding, domestic enterprises have begun to transform wet diaphragm, and the scheme of the third shale gas mining right bidding will also be more perfect

according to insiders, as early as after the second round of bidding, relevant departments and institutions, including the oil and gas center of the Ministry of land and resources and the research institutes under the three major oil companies, have discussed for many times and formulated plans for the third round of bidding

it is worth noting that compared with the first round of bidding, the Ministry of land and resources has greatly reduced the threshold of bidding blocks, objects, bidding qualifications and other aspects in the second round of shale gas bidding in 2012. According to relevant sources, at present, the third round of bidding plan is still being formulated. At this stage, the new bidding plan will be more perfect than the first two rounds

compared with the previous two rounds of bidding schemes, there were only 4 blocks in the first shale gas bidding, and 2 blocks won the bid, with a total area of 4236.77 square kilometers; In the second bidding, there are as many as 20 blocks, with a total area of 20002 square kilometers, which are distributed in Chongqing, Guizhou, Hubei and other places

in terms of qualification, the first bidding adopts the method of invitation to bid, which is limited to a few state-owned enterprises invited to participate in the bidding. The second bidding greatly relaxes the qualification of enterprises. It stipulates that enterprises registered in China with a registered capital of more than 300million yuan and qualified for oil, gas or gas mineral exploration, and release the entry threshold for Sino foreign joint ventures for the first time

in addition, the above insiders also revealed that in the new round of bidding plan, the threshold for bidding enterprises is expected to be further relaxed, especially for private enterprises. Private enterprises accounted for about one third of the 75 units in the previous second round of bidding

one of the future work priorities of the Ministry of land and resources includes further transferring a number of shale gas exploration blocks to the society, so that more social capital, including private enterprises, can enter the field of shale gas exploration and development. Peng Qiming, director of the Geological Exploration Department of the Ministry of land and resources, said at the press conference

The Ministry of land and resources held a press conference saying that China's shale gas exploration and development is still in its infancy. Che Changbo, deputy director of the Department of geological exploration of the Ministry of land and resources, said at the meeting that preparations for the third round of competitive transfer of shale gas exploration rights are under way, and a competitive transfer scheme has been preliminarily formed, and competitive transfer blocks have been selected. After all preparations are willing to strengthen cooperation with China on multilateral affairs such as climate change, new shale gas exploration rights blocks will be transferred to the society through competition in due course. However, in the view of the industry, the third round of shale gas bidding may be ignored

industry insiders believe that the third round of bidding for shale gas development in China has taken shape. The current plan is to establish a national development area similar to shale gas. Through large-scale investment, concentrating technology and capital, it is possible to complete the production of 100 billion cubic meters of shale gas in Sichuan by delimiting a certain range in Sichuan, redistributing mining rights, and organizing exploration and development. In addition, at present, shale gas resources are mainly controlled by the three major oil companies. Even with the investment of private enterprises, how to ensure that private enterprises are not restricted by the three major oil companies when entering the market is also a problem to be solved

it can not be ignored that the problem of water has not been solved in shale gas development

industry analysts said that China's shale gas construction is relatively successful only in Sichuan Basin, and there are no absolute success cases in other regions. Subject to this, capital will be more cautious in entering this industry

some analysts believe that the situation of domestic shale gas development is not optimistic. Even if the target output of shale gas is not reduced, private enterprises have been very calm. The successful experience of shale gas development in the United States cannot be completely copied in China. Shale gas development takes too long, and it may not be able to vent in the end. Generally, private enterprises do not have enough time and money to play with fire

in addition, there are still many uncertainties in the development of shale gas in China. So far, no consensus has been reached on the development of shale gas, so now many people dare not invest in this industry

environmental protection is still the focus

according to the prediction of the Ministry of land and resources, China's shale gas production will reach 6.5 billion cubic meters by 2015, 15 billion cubic meters by 2017, and more than 30 billion cubic meters by 2020. If measures are taken properly, it is expected to reach 40billion to 60billion cubic meters, accounting for about 1/5 of the total natural gas production

by the end of July 2014, 54 shale gas exploration rights had been set up nationwide, covering an area of 170000 square kilometers, with a cumulative investment of 20billion yuan. At present, China's breakthroughs in shale gas exploration are mainly concentrated in Changning, Weiyuan, Zhaotong, Fuling, Yanchang and other places where the innovation and transformation of Sichuan and Ordos Basin have enabled enterprises to always take the lead in market competition at home and abroad

among them, the most representative is Sinopec's Fuling shale gas field. At present, the gas field has entered commercial development. In the early morning of September 6, the integrated flowmeter of No. 6 gas gathering station of Fuling shale gas field showed that the cumulative production of Jiaoye HF well reached 100million cubic meters, making it the first shale gas well with a production of more than 100 million cubic meters in China, and it is also the shale gas well with the highest cumulative production in China at present

for China, which is increasingly dependent on natural gas imports, the number of Fuling gas field is enough to add another fire to this shale gas feast

due to the high difficulty of shale gas exploitation, various problems also follow. Shale gas emissions are relatively low, which can reduce air pollution. However, shale gas exploitation faces many environmental risks, such as water pollution, air pollution, geological damage and so on

the Research Report of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences previously pointed out that China's shale gas development is still in the exploratory stage, and the relevant environmental protection and other regulatory systems have not been put on the agenda. However, no matter what mode of shale gas development is adopted in China in the future, environmental issues will be the focus of attention of all parties

the hydraulic fracturing method used in shale gas development in the United States has led to huge water consumption in the development process. Whether this practice destroys the ecological environment has also attracted attention from the outside world. Later, some states even issued a short-term ban on shale gas development, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also began to conduct in-depth investigation and Research on the environmental impact of shale gas development

it is reported that the development of shale gas will require a lot of water resources. At present, only a small number of horizontal wells in China transfer water nearby. Taking Fuling gas field as an example, hundreds of wells directly transfer water from Wujiang River, which will not affect the water consumption of local residents and their groundwater level. But in the long run, people will find a good way to solve the water problem, such as exploring anhydrous fracturing

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