In May, the three networks integration pilot began

2022-08-19
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In May, the integration pilot began to penetrate and cooperate, facing institutional obstacles

recently, it was reported that the Ministry of industry and information technology is currently working with the State Administration of radio, film and television to develop a pilot plan for three integration and two-way entry. It is expected that the relevant plan will be introduced in April, and pilot cities will be selected nationwide to carry out pilot work around May

according to the decision of the State Council, qualified radio and television enterprises can operate value-added telecommunications services and some basic telecommunications services and Internet services; Qualified telecommunications enterprises can engage in the production and transmission of some radio and television programs

however, the differences in operating systems are hindering the implementation of the three integration. "At present, the non market operation and competition fairness problems caused by the government enterprise integration and Taiwan integration system of the radio and television system will seriously restrict the substantive progress of the three integration." Wei Leping, director of China Telecom Science and Technology Commission, said

face up to their shortcomings

it is understood that at present, in terms of technology and products, there is no fully mature solution for the three integration to be deployed. Zhou Chunsheng, director of China broadband network program of Motorola's mobile terminal and home broadband network business division, predicted that as the first year of the launch of the three convergence in 2010, the integration will still focus on pilot projects, from which valuable experience will be explored

"for operators, the main challenge is still to understand and grasp the scale of policies. How to achieve cooperation in competition and jointly promote the development of three integration. Accelerating the integration of radio and television operators, which are relatively weak in network scale, is a very important core measure, so as to achieve a balance of power with telecom operators and prepare for a comprehensive network integration in the future."

for the difficulties encountered by operators in the process of three integration, Gao Junliang, deputy general manager of enterprise and industry key customer department of Ericsson (China) Communications Co., Ltd., pointed out that the actual difficulties of operators include the establishment and promotion of unified standards, capital investment in network construction, promotion of new businesses, etc

as for how to promote the process of "three integration", the relevant person in charge of Huawei said that radio and television operators and telecommunications operators need to make up for their shortcomings. For radio and television, the most obvious weakness is the network. No matter in terms of scale, quality and service carrying capacity, the network of radio and television cannot be compared with that of telecommunications. The three operators of China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom also have shortcomings in content and access. "There are many ways for operators to make up for their shortcomings. They can cultivate themselves or complement each other's advantages. Radio and television have good complementarity with these telecom operators, and they can focus on cooperation." The person in charge suggested

Zhou Chunsheng also pointed out that when FTTH is deployed on a large scale, the boundary between telecommunication network and radio and television network will disappear, occupying the commanding height in the field of ultra-high temperature ceramic materials, and the integration of the two in the physical physical physical network will be easier to achieve. More importantly, looking around the world, this integration in advance does not require the complete natural transition of telecommunications and radio and television to all-optical networks. In the future, it is OK to share one FTTH on broadband access, which will greatly save network investment and construction costs, and achieve significant overall social benefits

international experience can be learned from

in January this year, Comcast (headquartered in the United States), the world's largest cable operator, officially announced its IPv6 commercial plan, and users can voluntarily choose to use IPv6 services from the second quarter of this year. At that time, all users can log in to "Comcast Information Center Station" to register and use after signing the relevant agreement

this has once again accelerated the development of IPTV in the United States

the United States is a country that advocates new technologies, so the development of IPTV is in full swing, while digital TV is at a disadvantage. Major companies and major TV companies have also flocked to participate in IPTV in the form of stations. The team is getting larger and larger, and more and more services are provided

"although IPTV is slightly inferior to cable TV in quality, it has obvious advantages in content diversity and interaction, especially in terms of price, cable TV is at a disadvantage." Song Xiangdong, a telecommunications expert, said, "in short, new technologies are the driving force behind the development of digital television and IPTV in the United States."

as for the application of new technologies, Huawei people also mentioned in their exchanges with that full IP networking, ultra wideband and full functionality of terminals will become the trend. At the same time, radio and television operators will gradually introduce IMS, ng-cdn and other technologies to build the core, and overseas operators have begun to evolve in this direction

in Japan, the problem faced by the three integration is the reorganization of relevant laws. It is understood that the communication industry in Japan has made progress in the inherent reliability of electronic products during the description and development period. The radio and television industry and the radio and television industry belong to an independent legal system. Therefore, the radio and television industry represented by the Japan Broadcasting Association and the communication industry have so far been "governed by boundaries" and developed independently. In addition, the new services that have emerged in recent years go beyond the scope of the current broadcasting law and the relevant legal adjustments in the field of communications

Recently, the Ministry of general affairs of Japan plans to submit the draft of the information and communication law to the regular session of the national assembly in 2010. This law will unify nine existing laws related to communications and radio and television, such as the radio wave law, the broadcasting law, and the electrical communication industry law, aiming to break the fragmentation and create an environment in which communication, radio and television related enterprises can freely participate in competition

this is also of referential significance to China. Wei Leping believes that the smooth progress of the three integration must be guaranteed by the corresponding legal environment. Simple and powerful administrative intervention is efficient in the short term, but in the long run, the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. In order to ensure the sustainable development of the "Three Integrations", we should speed up the formulation and promulgation of the telecommunications law, and provide dual guarantees of the regulatory system and the legal system for the "Three Integrations"

he also analyzed that as far as the law is concerned, the regulatory principle of technology neutrality should be implemented, so that market players can decide specific technology choices according to the intersection of the best interests of the state, enterprises and users. The implementation of this principle of technology neutrality can not only effectively coordinate the division of labor between the radio and television regulatory departments and the telecommunications regulatory departments, so that they can truly "step back and stand higher", and unify the planning and management of national resources, Moreover, it can promote the integration of technology and business, and encourage the innovation of technology and business. Communication world weekly

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